Friday, September 4, 2020
Question: Examine about the Information Systems for Business Professionals. Answer: Presentation The point of this specific report is to give pertinent answers for AAHS or Animal After Hour Services. AAHS is a mainstream veterinary medical clinic, which is running for most recent couple of years in Gold Coast and Brisbane Southside. It was begun by Dr. Terry King seven years back with his nephew, for rewarding harmed creatures after available time, when regularly veterinary practices are shut. The most widely recognized instances of cases in this emergency clinic incorporate snake chomps, utilizations of remote bodies or poisonous substances that are exclusively hurtful for the creatures. Little mishaps are likewise normal here. Gradually, this association has picked up prevalence and along these lines extended to areas, for example, Carrara and Jindalee. They have utilized more individuals in the association and as of now 15 specialists, 30 attendants, 10 regulatory staffs, one jack of all trades and one clerk are working there. Be that as it may, Dr. Terry is worried about the expense and unpredictability of IT arrangement in his emergency clinic. He is mostly stressed over the wellbeing just as security of the framework, different coordinations issues like finance preparing and some more. Besides, he needs an interface that would assist with getting to him records of creature treatment from different specialists. He wishes that the patient proprietors would get customary online updates of their prosperity and this would result into diminishing the consistent calls about the prosperity of the patients. He even needs the information of the customer ought to be put away in a very made sure about framework with the goal that they can without much of a stretch access information and take print outs or download the announcement or notes for treatment. These are required as these are used for protection reason. This report is given as a clarified list of sources that would be noting all the seven issues or issues for the data arrangement of AAHS or Animal After Hour Services. This specific commented on book reference involves six companion looked into articles for settling all the predicaments. For every one of the six references, a short clarification is furnished with a particular section that would layout the significance of the contextual investigation with the article. Hirschheim, R., Klein, H. K. (2012). A sublime and not really short history of the data frameworks field.Journal of the Association for Information Systems,13(4), 188. This article obviously delineates the definition and the significant insights about data framework. The historical backdrop of data framework began around forty years back and work today, it is giving amazing innovation to the advantage of the mechanical world. There are different points of interest of data framework. This article has assisted with understanding the total development of innovation or rather data framework as far as four unmistakable times. The contrast between the data frameworks between these four times are appropriately clarified here. The significance of data framework is likewise given here. This article is chosen for giving response to address 1 and question 4 of the contextual investigation of AAHS or Animal afterhour Services. Data framework can be just characterized as the organized framework for the reason to store, gather, convey and sort out information or any kind of data. The best possible assortment, handling, filtration and dissemination of data are finished with the assistance of data framework. It is only a lot of different components, which communicate with one another for delivering great and exact data. The most significant preferred position of this data framework is that it significantly centers around the inside data. It runs a totally PC based database for appropriately executing a data framework. There are different sorts of data frameworks, for example, exchange handling framework, the executives data framework, choice emotionally supportive network, master frameworks just as neural system and hierarchical data framework. Since, AAHS is a little vet erinary medical clinic, they ought to decide on the board data framework for their business. MIS is the least complex type of data framework that assists with overseeing and incorporate the whole arrangement of information preparing, assortment and recovery very effectively and easily. AAHS would be profited in the event that they will choose MIS for their association. This data framework would deal with all the business issues and settle on business choices that are looked by the association . This diary article portrays about the job of data framework for satisfying the client necessities or client needs. The clients or the customers are the most significant piece of an association. In the event that the association won't have the option to satisfy the requests or wishes of the clients, the association will confront significant misfortunes in their business. The data framework is used in pretty much every association to finish or satisfy the requests of the clients. Consumer loyalty is the center term that is used in advertising for the correct estimation of item or administration gracefully by an association to meet the client prerequisite. Additionally, this is accomplished with the end goal of the board and improvement of the business. The most critical favorable circumstances of data framework incorporate more noteworthy office of execution, data updates, and improvement in administration quality, auto refreshing and some more. The data framework is exclusively liable for the upgrade and improvement of upper hands in any association. The choice of this specific article is accomplished for responding to the inquiry 3 of this contextual analysis. AAHS have different key or crucial data prerequisites. These data prerequisites of AAHS mostly incorporate destinations, objectives, time limitations, specialized imperatives, financial requirements, strategies and security requirements. These are considered as the most noteworthy data necessities of AAHS. For getting the objectives and destinations that Dr. Terry has for this association, the data framework assumes the most critical job. This framework would store all the records of the patients and along these lines the patient gatherings would have the option to bring required data. For the time and specialized imperatives, data framework would decrease the time and specialized blames without any problem. For the financial imperative, data framework is considered as the most savvy approach to store any data and for the security requirement, it is again viewed as a the m ade sure about and the most secure approach to store and recover data, which would be critical for improving and upgrading serious situation of this association . This book has appropriately referenced about the different security issues or issues in data framework. Despite the fact that data framework has different points of interest or advantages for the framework, there are different inconveniences present inside it too. These issues mostly incorporate the kind of assaults that happens inside the data framework. They make the framework very powerless and the information regularly gets lost. The most significant fault of this framework is that once the information or the data loses all sense of direction in the framework, it is almost difficult to recoup that information and therefore the data loses classification. In any case, this data framework gives a particular sort of security to their framework for preventing the dangers or vulnerabilities from going into the framework. The programmers are likewise halted in this procedure. This reference was chosen for tackling the different issues in the frameworks or organizations of AAHS. The different business or framework issue that this specific association are confronting essentially incorporate the expense and intricacy of the IT set up in the emergency clinic, making the framework shareable on locales, security and wellbeing of information, calculated issues, auto refreshing of data, interfacing of access of the treatment records from the standard veterinarians to AAHS veterinarians and web based refreshing of prosperity of the patients. According to the need of the difficult rundown, the primary goal ought to consistently be on the security of the framework. The subsequent need is given on the spending plan of the framework that is the expense and multifaceted nature. As AAHS is a medium measured association, the costs or complexities ought not surpass limit. The third need is the strategic issues. The fourth need is given on the offer capacity of framework o n destinations and the last need is the interfacing of access of records and auto refreshing of data . This article shows an away from about the job of data and interchanges framework in correspondence. ICT is administering the whole world and is an all-encompassing type of data framework. It assists with tackling a wide range of multifaceted issues for individuals. It is considered as one of the most significant assets in correspondence or joint effort. The correspondence and coordinated effort assists with incorporating and stir up with individuals so the final product is superb and there is no such issue. At the point when this correspondence is stirred up with innovation, the application is named as the best one and could be handily used by any association. The determination of this specific article is accomplished to respond to the inquiry 5 of the contextual analysis of AAHS or Animal afterhour Services. An intranet is the sort of private system that is worked by any enormous association that uses web. An extranet is a kind of intranet, which could be effectively available to some specific people outside the association. Now and again, it is additionally shared by at least one organizations. AAHS can without much of a stretch just as deliberately use the associations of web, intranet and extranet for drawing in with their significant partners and satisfying the different coordinated effort and correspondence prerequisites. Since, AAHS is a medium measured association, they can use these associations for different prerequisites like investigating their opposition, purchasing and selling, promoting, interfacing with their client
Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Presentation Julia is wanting to rent a food corner outside the Tech Stadium at Home Football match-ups to back her last year instruction with all the games go sold out. The lease for the corner per game is $ 1000. Julia will sell cuts of Cheese Pizza, Hot Dogs and Barbecue Sandwiches which are acclaimed to be the most mainstream so these are the three items she has decided to sell at the home games football arena. The lease for broiler is $ 600 for six home games, which makes it $ 100 for each game. To keep things straightforward, Julia chose to employ an outside pizza conveyance organization, it is by all accounts financially savvy and for different things she intends to set them up the prior night. Space taken by Pizza is 14Ã¢â¬ x 14Ã¢â¬ , sausages are 16 in/sq. what's more, the BBQ sandwich is 25 Ã¢â¬Å"sq. The cost of Pizza $6.00, or $.75 ea cut with 8 cuts/pizza the sausages $0.45 each, and sandwiches$.90 each, separately. The deal cost of Pizza Slice is $1.50, sausages $1.60 and the BB-Q sandwich is $2.25. JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s starting venture is $1500 which would pay for the principal game day; she would pay the future home games out of continues earned from the games. From Student Feedbacks she has discovered that she can sell the same number of cuts of Pizza as Hot mutts and BBQ sandwichÃ¢â¬â¢s joined. She believes she can sell twice the same number of sausages as she can the BBQ sandwichÃ¢â¬â¢s. Julia accepts that she can make in any event $1000 net benefit after costs are paid per game. Target Function Objective here is to boost the benefit. Benefit is determined for every factor by taking away expense from the selling cost. Pizza. Cost $6/8 = $ 0.75 (Cost per cut) Z =$0.75 x1 +$.45Ã£â"2 + $.90 x3. Benefit per: $.75/cut pizza, $1.15/sausage $ 1.35/BBQ Sandwich Sales Price: $2.25 $ 1.60 $ 1.50 Sale Price: 3x/Sandwich; 2x/Hot canine and 1x/pizza cut. Choice Variables Constraints: Spending Constraint: 0.75Ã£â"1 + 0.45Ã£â"2 + .90Ã£â"3 2Ã£â"3 x2 Ã¢â¬ 2Ã£â"3 => 0 On the off chance that additional assistance @$100/game = $100/x6 Non Negative Restrictions: x1, x2 , x3 all are >= 0 Last Model Expand Total Profit: Z = 0.75Ã£â"1 + 0.45Ã£â"2 + .90Ã£â"3 = 0 D. Over all with the costs of food supplies, stove renting, the stall and the compensation for help, she will in any case be a long ways ahead in her net benefit and it will be certainly justified regardless of the assistance at long last. Surely there will be vulnerability, which is with all undertakings, however those must be represented as well as can be expected. References Taylor, B. W. (2011). Prologue to Management Science. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. coursehero, (2009, Apr. 13). direct programing [Msg google..com]. Message presented on http://coursehero.com/
Saturday, August 22, 2020
1. Which of the three fundamentals of introspective philosophy is the most worried in the two expositions? Utilize explicit subtleties from each exposition to help your reaction. Independence is the precept of introspective philosophy that is most worry in the two expositions of Emerson. Independence is the precept that is discussed the most in both of the expositions. In Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ the principle subject of is to act naturally, and to confide in oneself. Likewise, in the article says that one ought to do what the person in question accepts is correct, not what others accept is correct. For instance, on the off chance that an individual believes Judaism to be the genuine religion, at that point he ought to follow Judaism and not what everybody is following. Additionally, the paper discusses how an individual ought to be a maverick. An individual ought not duplicate what others do or accept. For example, in the event that everybody likes to chase however one individual doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t, at that point the one individual ought not go chasing just to resemble the rest. On the off chance that an individual duplicates others the person in question wou ldnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize what to do when there is nobody to duplicate any longer, the person would have lost themselves. In the event that an individual duplicates others they lose themselves, and their characters. One should consistently follow what they accept, and what they like they ought to be free from what others accept or like. For example, if two individuals imagine that the response to an inquiry is A, yet someone else think itÃ¢â¬â¢s C, at that point the individual should adhere to their answer and not transform it on the grounds that the other individual think itÃ¢â¬â¢s another answer. Likewise, Emerson says in the paper that one ought not think about what others consider oneself, for instance one ought not give it a second thought if individuals think the person in question is awful or acceptable yet rather just if care about one's opinion of himself. For instance, if an individual preferences perusing however everybody says that the individual is exhausting in light of the fact that that individual preferences perusing the individual should mind since that is the thing that he loves. Much the same as in the paper Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ the article Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ additionally contains the fundamental of independence. In Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ it discusses independence in an alternate path that in Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ , rather than advising the individuals to have confidence in them Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ discusses how to discover one genuine self. It says that to locate our actual self we should go to nature. In nature oneÃ¢ can discover harmony, and quietness to search for there genuine self. For instance, commonly an individual canÃ¢â¬â¢t discover harmony in the city in light of the individuals and the clamor, so they need to go to nature to discover harmony. Nature can offer an individual all the responses one needs. Nature enables a man to discover reason, and confidence. Nature gives the individual all the apparatuses one needs to locate their actual self. 2. Challenge what do Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ and Nature appear to propose about EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s assessment of Change? Use subtleties from the papers to help your reaction. Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ recommend that Emerson consider change something great and awful. Emerson considers change to be something acceptable when the individual that does it is on the grounds that that is the thing that the individual in question thinks about right. For instance, if an individual changes religion since he feels different religions is the right one then it is a decent change. Change is acceptable when one does it for himself and not for any other person; in light of the fact that once the person does it for another person they lose themselves. For example, if an individual that peruses a great deal quits perusing since he quit loving perusing then it is a decent change, yet on the off chance that the individual quit perusing since individuals advised him to quit perusing, at that point itÃ¢â¬â¢s an awful change. Change is acceptable if itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to help the individual in someway, and if the individual can remain consistent with himself. For instance, if a well off individual is unassuming lives in a major house and chose to move to a little house then it is a decent change yet on the off chance that a destitute individual lives in a little house and moves to a greater house to flaunt then it is a terrible change. A change is awful if an individual does it for someone else. For instance, on the off chance that an individual quits singing to be companions with someone else, at that point it is an awful change. In the event that an individual changes since every other person is accomplishing something different it is a terrible change. For instance, if an individual preferences apples, however nobody else does, and due to that the individual quits eating apples then itÃ¢â¬â¢s a terrible change. A change is awful if the individual changes on the grounds that the others donÃ¢â¬â¢t like what the individual is doing. For example, if an individual likes to sing however the others donÃ¢â¬â¢t like that individual singin g and he quits singing due to that then it is a terrible change. A change can be positive or negative contingent upon the circumstance.
Managing the Homosexual Condition inside the Christian Church - Research Paper Example During prime time TV, it is alright to see ladies kissing other ladies and men Ã¢â¬Å"living togetherÃ¢â¬ with their kindred men and many discover these shows an impression of this present reality. Numerous gay couples are currently authoritatively hitched and have a great Ã¢â¬Å"familyÃ¢â¬ together by receiving and giving undesirable and stranded kids homes. A couple of decades back individuals would have been tossed into dumpsters for dressing in drag however now it is currently regular to see gays all over the place and communicating who they are in whatever way they appear to be fit. We all have individuals we realize who are a piece of the LGBT people group and we are even companions with a few. Being Christians, we are normal by society and by the Almighty to stick to specific qualities and settle on it the establishment of our choices and decisions (Article 7). With the overflowing of help for the LGBT people group, Christians and the Church are frequently the objective of analysis for not being open and inviting to gay people. Numerous Christians are named as homophobes and itÃ¢â¬â¢s as though the tides have changed for the congregation and the LGBT Community. The Holy Scriptures fills in as our guide in managing moral issues including that of homosexuality nonetheless, there is still dispute on how the congregation should act with respect to gay people who are outside and inside the congregation. Where does empathy end and where will backbone adhere to a meaningful boundary in managing the gay condition inside the congregation? What is the correct demeanor for us Catholics concerning the acknowledgment of gay people in our networks and different categories? Furthermore, for gay people inside the Church, in what capacity would it be advisable for them to see themselves and in what capacity would it be a good idea for them to react to the reclamation given to us by JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ enduring on the cross? I. The Stand of the Church on Homosexuality F or the Catholic Church, the act of homosexuality is a grave sin. That was entrenched in the Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons (Ratzinger). Be that as it may, it is likewise specified in the record roundabout that these siblings and sisters should in any case be treated with deference as is expected each individual made by God and caused through peaceful consideration to seek after modesty. The Christian world is significantly much kinder to the gay people nowadays however that was not the situation previously. There may have been a few activities of the Christian people group that advanced shame and bad form towards individuals that has this sexual condition. This shame caused distance of the gay from the confidence and doesn't oblige their profound needs (Calimlim 18-19). A. Customary Means of Dealing with Homosexuality by the Church Contrary to what most supporters of homosexuality may state, the Bible is unequivocal in the cen suring of gay goes about as wrongdoing. At the point when God made man in His own picture He made the differentiation that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦man and lady, He made themÃ¢â¬ (Genesis1:27) Ã¢â¬ God made just 2 genders and nothing in the middle of and the main important, sexual relationship that the Lord purified for individuals is with regards to marriage among man and lady. The LordÃ¢â¬â¢s ruinous anger and judgment on Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19 was caused generally by the desire that the men had for their equivalent sex in those urban communities Ã¢â¬
Friday, August 21, 2020
The most effective method to make a raving success book, not a scrapbook. A raving success book is where you can put the seemingly insignificant details in lifeÃ¢â¬â¢ ticket hits, magazine cuts, plans, previews, love letters, structure thoughts, pictures, and notes to self. It is quicker than scrap booking and is compact as well. A raving success book can be produced using a ringed folio or a journal or you can purchase a book from k and friends at a specialty store or on the web. They are close to home on each page with picture plan on every that makes it one of a kind. Before making your crush book, know the various styles of crush books. There are twelve: basic orange, cutesy, entirely pink, retro, and savvy, couture, scrumptious, wistfulness, doodle red, mod, 360 folio, and eco green. The basic orange crush book pages dislike the others, there much progressively plain, and basic. You can do significantly more with the pages. You can picked your Ã¢â¬Å"themeÃ¢â¬ simpler due to the realistic pages picked for this book specifically. The Cutesy is as portrayed, extremely adorable looking pages. Each page is loaded up with charming straightforward little girly things. For example, blossoms or pinks and honest looking pictures. The quite pink is botanical and girly practically like the cutesy however extraordinary in a manner since it has much more bloom prints in it. The retro blue is intended for a retro look. On the off chance that you like typography you will cherish this one. On the off chance that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t help to tap your foot to the beat you will adore this one since that is the thing that this crush book is about. It has a comical inclination to it, and it is my undisputed top choice. The shrewd crush book is secured with school propelled pictures and designs. In arrives in a productive style. It is incredible for school related things. Be that as it may, the couture crush book is fun, sparkling and very style like, with loads of shading. It is a great deal of girlÃ¢â¬â¢s top choices. The Tasty crush book is secured with food propelled pages. Unique outlines and hand lettering plan, you can make this in a snap. The wistfulness style is likewise loaded up with school filled unique representations and hand lettering structures. Anyway not as a fresh start of a look as the savvy crush book. The Doodle red crush book is loaded up with a refined excitement. Mod crush book is a hip style. This crush book is secured with clean lines and examples. The 360 folio is loaded up with pages for regularly of the year. Ultimately, the Eco green crush book is loaded up with simple illustrations, and nature adoring pictures. In any case you canÃ¢â¬â¢t overlook when you purchase your book, you have to get things/accomplices to enrich it. Next, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to have straightforward things to finish your crush book, for example, ornamental tape, chipboard pieces, letters, stickers, gifts, strip, sequins, pockets, envelopes, brads, scissors, stick, scrapbook paper, shading pencils, and pens. None the less you will need to utilize 3d embellishments, letters in order stickers, sparkle, stickers perhaps by enormous thoughts, paper studio, and k and friends. Gemstone are incredible to utilize. Outskirt punch, ink cushion by shading box, troubled ink, and stamp by stampabilities, and designed paper. After you get the crush book embellishments, enliven the spread it is the most ideal approach to adorn the spread by putting your preferred saying on the front utilizing chipboard pieces. You could put what your crush book Ã¢â¬Å"themeÃ¢â¬ is about on the off chance that you have one. Or on the other hand you can simply enrich the title page by doodling on it, on the off chance that you want just to do that. In the event that you made your own crush book out of a three ring cover, add scrapbook paper to your book on each page. Make it innovative. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to simply have one shading or plan for every page. Blend it up and utilize various sizes and various hues. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t stress over this in the event that you purchased your crush book however. In the mean time, you will need to sift through the entirety of your stuff into wanted classes. You should sift through them into classes, for example, shows, diaries, notes, travel, companions, family, school, thoughts, pictures, cuts, whatever it might be, ordering them will help you when crushing them in your book. Add photographs to your page. Utilize embellishing tape and afterward include your gifts. Pockets and envelopes are incredible for holding huge things. Next you need to beautify the page. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t over brighten excessively. At that point it will look overpowering. Yet, on the off chance that you under adorn it will look exhausting. Very un-innovative. Since crush items are the best thing while designing your crush book; here and there itÃ¢â¬â¢s all you need. Crush inscriptions are prepared to stick, you should simply compose your subtitle in. Crush banner clasps, clasps to connect photographs, notes and that's only the tip of the iceberg. Crush cushions permit you to voice your conclusion or scribble something down, at that point crush it in. Crush date stamp, is actually what it says a date stamp yet with colloquialisms like Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m a hot messÃ¢â¬ , or Ã¢â¬Å"today isÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"I love thisÃ¢â¬ ! With the date close to it. Crush tape will be tape with a plan on it, so you can be imaginative. Crush tape can hold your photographs set up or even a plume? Who knows? Next is crush pockets, which are incredible for holding the greater things like pamphlets and things like that. Crush groups, hold your crush book together. Also, your pens considerably nearer. Presently take your ideal classification you need to crush, your paste and pen and crush it in. Utilize your date stamp and date it in the event that you might want. Include a raving success subtitle as well, some crush tape to hold in an image that is a memory you need to keep! A few stickers, and compositions of your own even drawings will work as well if your imaginative. Keep in mind, this crush book isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a scrapbook. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t must be all spotless and flawless. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not just about the photos. It about the idea, a scribble a quill thatÃ¢â¬â¢s got, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the possibility that issues! All that you have been keeping in that garbage cabinet for a considerable length of time, let it come out. Play around with it. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t let it stow away, and crush it! . It is anything but difficult to bring, anyplace you go. It needs as far as possible. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t take hours. So crush away and have some good times, simply recollect those means . Simply pick your crush book style, or make your own, have the basic things to make your own, get the crush embellishments, sort out the entirety of your stuff into classifications and afterward crush it in and brighten your page to your longing.
Thursday, August 6, 2020
Everything I Own My 288 Things As a minimalist, I own more than you might think. Although this essay is a somewhat parodic interpretation of my friend Dave Brunos 100 Thing Challenge, it is not entirely about counting your stuff. Rather, Id like to touch on the idea of being conscious about what we do own by appreciating what we already have. Other minimalists have taken the counting challenge to the extreme. Among these brave souls are Colin Wright and his 51 things, Leo Babauta and his 50 things, Tammy Strobel and her 72 things, and Nina Yau and her very impressive 47 things. But if minimalism were a game in which the person with the fewest things wins, then you can consider me a loser before the opening bell. I have no desire to live with only X things. But, just for fun, lets pretend to count my stuff together. Ready. Here goes. Unlike many folks who count their possessions, I literally counted everything I own, including things like the clock on the wall, my toothbrush, photo frames, my solo oven mitt, the trash can under the sink, salt and pepper shakers, cooking utensils, and even that metal thingy in the shower that holds shampoo. I even counted items that other people leave off their listsâ"my couch, chairs, dining table, and other furnitureâ"because they are considered shared items, I live by myself, so these things needed to be counted. But, of course, just like some of our aforementioned counting friends, I cheated. Yes, I cheated by grouping many things into sets: My underwear counts as one thing, right?. My clothes hangers are only one itemâ"obviously. And food, yep, thats one item, too, because, fuck it, why not? Books? Yeah, lets count those piles of books as one thing. My game, my rules. Lets be clear, I dont plan on owning 50 or 100 things, and while I started this experiment as a joke, I also wanted to count my stuff so I could, in all honesty, get rid of any superfluous or unused items. As I started counting, I discovered that when you write down everything you own, it puts everything into a different perspective and helps us realize we can jettison so many things we dont use but were holding on to just in case. After getting rid of tens of thousands of items last year (2009), I ended up counting 288 items today (December 2010). Does 288 not sound very minimalist to you? Me eitherâ"especially because I cheated! But I challenge you to count your stuff (and be honest when counting it). I bet you have much more than you think (according to the Los Angeles Times, the average American household has more than 300,000 items in it). With only 288 items, my apartment looks like this: By the way, my place always looks this wayâ"I didnt have to clean it up to take this picture (another benefit of minimalism: less stuff to clean). Below is a list of my 288 itemsâ"everything I own. (Note: I originally wrote down every signal item individually, but it made for a very long and boring list. So, for the sake of attenuation, I shortened the categories by adding a count with examples of items underneath each category.) Life Tools Accessories. 33 items, including my car, guitar, books, hairbrush, toothbrush, etc. Consumables. 5 groups of items, including food, cleaning supplies, hygiene supplies, office supplies, and paper goods. Kitchen Items. 19 items, including pots, pans, utensils, coffeemaker, toaster, oven mitt, etc. Bathroom Items. 6 items, including my bathroom scale, rugs, trash can, shower caddy, etc. Electronics. 10 items, including my BlackBerry, MacBook, Printer, iPod, etc. Furniture. 18 items, including my bed, couch, coffee table, desk, chairs, etc. Decorations. 14 items, including decorative plants, artwork, digital picture frames, wall clock, etc. Casual Clothes. 79 items, including jeans, hoodies, T-shirts, button-down shirts, etc. Dress Clothes. 50 items, including suits, ties, dress shirts, etc. Clothes (Miscellaneous). 58 items, including shoes, socks, underwear, belts, gym shorts, coats, etc. Thats everything I own. 288 things. Count them if youd like. The nicest thing about creating this list is that I actually use everything I own: everything serves a purpose or brings me joy. There is not a kitchen utensil or piece of furniture or article of clothing that I do not use regularly. What an amazing feeling. Yes, I know I have plenty of clothes, but rest assured, I wear every article on this list. And believe me, this year I got rid of five car loads of clothes (no exaggeration) that have been collecting dust in an old basement and piling up over the last decade. All of my clothes now fit nicely in my closet, and everything I own actually gets worn. Plus, its all in one convenient placeâ"not sitting in some storage container somewhereâ"which means I dont have to unpack my cold-weather clothes in the winter or my summer clothes come May. How awesome is that. Most important, Im not attached to any of my possessions. Sure I have a favorite pair of jeans, a favorite pair of shoes, and a favorite teeshirtâ"but those items dont define me. Im not attached to these things, which means I could get rid of any of them without being upset or experiencing some sort of deep, existential loss. After embracing minimalism as a lifestyle, I now know that I am not my blue jeans or my furniture or my cooking utensils. Im certain this list will change over time. Next month I might own 284 things, and then 285 things the following month, and then maybe Ill have 190 things sometime next yearâ"who knows. I still plan on getting rid stuff if its not adding value to my life, but I dont plan on updating my list every time I get rid of something. Rather, this list is a point of reference for meâ"an inventory of my life for December 2010. Again, the ostensible subject hereâ"counting your possessionsâ"is not the true subject. Counting is not the point. The point is that taking a physical inventory of your life, albeit a bit silly, is eye opening, and it helps you get rid of unnecessary items so you can appreciate what you do have. I truly appreciate what I have now, even though Im not attached to it. You May Also Enjoy How to Start a Successful Blog Today Learn how to start a blog in less than an hour. Follow the step-by-step instructions we used when starting our blog, which now has reached more than 20 million people. Creating this blog is one of the best decisions Ryan and I ever made. After all, our blog is how we earn a living. More important, it's how we add value to other people's lives. Read more 30-Day Minimalism Game Let's play a simple game together. We call it the 30-Day Minimalism Game. Find a friend, family member, or coworker who's willing to minimize their stuff with you next month. Read more 11 Ways to Write Better We are all writers now. Whether you write books, blog posts, emails, Instagram captions, or text messages, you are a writer. No matter your preferred medium, here are a few tips to help you write more effectively. Read more Subscribe to The Minimalists via email.
Thursday, June 25, 2020
Are social problems socially constructed or biologically determined? The debate over whether social problems are socially constructed or biologically determined takes us immediately into the realms of constructivism and positivism. As such, we must begin our essay by offering a definition of the two fundamentally important sociological paradigms. Constructivism implies that social problems are indeed the result of socially constructed phenomena. Viewed from the constructivist perspective, the myriad of social, cultural, economic and political factors that affect the day to day running of contemporary society are subject to a variety of competing pressures, each of which are able to create new social problems where Ã¢â¬â in a different social, cultural, economic and political context Ã¢â¬â none would have arisen. Thus, society itself is the trigger for conflict and resolution; society itself is the location of the answers to the questions posited by the complexities of social construction. Thus, Ã¢â¬Å"because we are locked into our society, because our journey of knowledge occurs within the journey of our societies, we cannot know things about society with absolute certainty Ã¢â¬â the Ã¢â¬Ëtruths of the social sciences are interpretative.Ã¢â¬ The positivist tradition, on the other hand, takes a different approach. Beginning with the publication of The Positive Philosophy by French intellectual Auguste Comte in 1853, the positivist tradition to sociological theory has historically sought to underline the significance of science to the study of society and its ills. According to Comte, Ã¢â¬Å"the social world of human relationships could be treated as though it is similar to the natural world of inanimate objects.Ã¢â¬ As a result, positivist sociologists have since aimed to show how t is possible to develop a scientific study of society as though the study of society is equivalent to studying Ã¢â¬Ësocial physics. Thus, human beings, their behaviour and interaction, have since been treated as scientific variables while society itself has been interpreted as methodological, scientific data with Ã¢â¬Ëcause and effect reduced to Ã¢â¬Ëresults and equations. The implication here is that biology and other scientifically verifiable instances of pre-disposition towards deviance are responsible for the creation of social problems. Taken at face value, these two opposing sociological th eories would appear to suggest a deep-seated theoretical schism in the understanding of society and its many and varied problems. Yet both the positivist tradition and the constructivist tradition seek in the first instance to underscore that social problems are the result of delinquency and abnormal psychology. However, because, according to Gerald Davison, John Neale and Ann Kring, Ã¢â¬Å"the way different societies understand abnormal behaviour strongly affects the way they treat it,Ã¢â¬ the divergence between these two opposing sociological schools should be considered to be a natural schism over what is an inexorably complex, multi-faceted subject. For instance, if we start from the assumption that society is, as a construct of human beings, controlled by the behaviour of people, then we must assume that biology plays some kind of a role in determining which elements of society are prone to problem types of behaviour and, conversely, which elements of society conform to c ultural Ã¢â¬Ënorms. As the fundamental building blocks upon which humankind has been built, biology has historically been the first place to look in attempting to rationalise people and the deviations inherent within the organisation of any given society. Biology has, it can be argued, been able to show the innate behavioural differences between the sexes, highlighting how males have traditionally been more prone to producing social problems such as crime and disorder than females. However, according to Anthony Giddens, any attempt to understand society (even the differences between the sexes) as a Ã¢â¬Ënatural product of biology and genetic engineering can only remain fixed firmly within the realms of scientific hypothesis and not scientific fact. Ã¢â¬Å"There is no evidence of the mechanisms which would link such biological forces with the complex social behaviour exhibited by human men and women. Theories which see individuals as complying with some kind of innate predispo sition neglect the vital role of social interaction in shaping human behaviour.Ã¢â¬ Ultimately, although adopting such a standpoint enables science to provide answers as to why social problems exist, it does not take into account the inherent diversity between peoples that is such a crucial part of the human condition. If, for example, we think of the modern urban space as representing a microcosm of human society, we can see how biology is completely incapable of accounting for the vast range of characteristics, problems and successes of the modern urban community. Factors such as Ã¢â¬Ësocial exclusion and Ã¢â¬Ëurban degeneration are equally, if not more, important than biology in determining which sectors of society are subject to the most social problems. In bypassing the potentially debilitating sociological effects of poverty, exclusion and housing, the proponents of the positivist approach to sociology ignore some of the most basic triggers for social problems in the contemporary era. Only by understanding and acknowledging the complex interaction of sociological forces which conspire to render a person or a community problematic can policies be put in place to remedy the ills. We should also note how social problems are in many ways created by the very society which purports to be in such a state of distress. Stan Cohen observed as much in his seminal study Folk Devils and Moral Panics: the Creation of Mods and Rockers where the author acknowledged that, throughout history Ã¢â¬Å"societies appear to be subject, every now and again, to periods of moral panic. A condition, episode, person or group of person emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests; its nature is presented in a stylised and stereotypical fashion by the mass media; the moral barricades are manned by editors, bishops, politicians and other right-thinking people.Ã¢â¬ Viewed through this prism, social problems Ã¢â¬â especially those social pr oblems relating to crime, delinquency and disorder Ã¢â¬â can be seen to have been constructed as a means of protecting the traditional socio-political elite from what it perceives as a threat to its moral authority with the global mass media being the vehicle through which the social construction of delinquency has been transported to the news-consuming general public. The vilification of youth culture which Cohen so brilliantly exposed can be seen to have been repeated in a variety of forms since the 1970s. When, for instance, we pause to consider the medias portrayal of youth culture at the dawn of the twenty first century with the incumbent demonisation of Ã¢â¬Ëhoodies, we can see the extent to which social problems can, firstly, be constructed by a fearful socio-political elite and, secondly, how that fear can be disseminated via the media as a sociological fact. This is what Cohen refers to as Ã¢â¬Å"deviancy amplificationÃ¢â¬ whereby the projection of the threat from a perceived social problem is grossly over-exaggerated, resulting in many cases in the cultural myth transpiring into a social reality. In this way, then, we can begin to see how the question of society and its myriad of problems is not nearly as straightforward a question as it at first appears. Conclusion One cannot offer a conclusion as to the production of societys problems without reference to social construction. The idea that all of societys problems are the result of pre-determined biological engineering is little short of preposterous, having its roots in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries imperialism and the need to underscore the white European mans position at the top of the global hierarchy. Ultimately, sociology, while designated a Ã¢â¬Ësocial science, is not a science in the strictest sense. As Ken Browne notes, Ã¢â¬Å"the differences between the Ã¢â¬Ënatural sciences and sociology mean that sociologists cannot follow exactly the same procedures or produce such precise findings as those in the natural sciences.Ã¢â¬ In the final analysis, as a study of people and their interactions with one another, the study of society cannot be reduced to scientific pre-determination, methodology, facts and figures. Only by acknowledging the complex interaction of forces that conspire to trigger social problems, can the broader issues of society and humanity be more adequately understood. References Browne, K. (2005) An Introduction to Sociology: Third Edition Cambridge: Polity Press Cohen, S. (2002) Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of Mods and Rockers: Second Edition London and New York: Routledge Davison, G.C., Neale, J.M. and Kring, A.M. (2003) Abnormal Psychology: Ninth Edition London: John Wiley Sons Einstadter, W.J. and Henry, S. (2006) Criminological Theory: An Analysis of its Underlying Assumptions London and New York: Rowman Littlefield Giddens, A. (2006) Sociology: Fifth Edition Cambridge: Polity Press Jacobs, B. and Dutton, C. (1999) Social and Community Issues, in, Roberts, P. and Sykes, H. (Eds.) Urban Regeneration: A Handbook London and New York: Sage Morrison, F. (1995) Theoretical Criminology: From Modernity to Post Modernism London and New York: Routledge Roberts, P. (1999) The Evolution, Definition and Purpose of Urban Regeneration, in, Roberts, P. and Sykes, H. (Eds.) Urban Regeneration: A Handbook London and New York: Sage Morrison, F. (1995) Theoretical Criminology: From Modernity to Post Modernism London and New York: Routledge, p.5 Einstadter, W.J. and Henry, S. (2006) Criminological Theory: An Analysis of its Underlying Assumptions London and New York: Rowman Littlefield, p.2 Davison, G.C., Neale, J.M. and Kring, A.M. (2003) Abnormal Psychology: Ninth Edition London: John Wiley Sons, p.2 Giddens, A. (2006) Sociology: Fifth Edition Cambridge: Polity Press, p.459 Roberts, P. (1999) The Evolution, Definition and Purpose of Urban Regeneration, in, Roberts, P. and Sykes, H. (Eds.) Urban Regeneration: A Handbook London and New York: Sage, pp.19-20 Jacobs, B. and Dutton, C. (1999) Social and Community Issues, in, Roberts, P. and Sykes, H. (Eds.) Urban Regeneration: A Handbook London and New York: Sage, pp.109-129 Cohen, S. (2002) Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of Mods and Rockers: Second Edition London and New York: Routledge, p.1 Folk Devils and Moral Panics, p.13 Browne, K. (2005) An Introduction to Sociology: Third Edition Cambridge: Polity Press, p.3